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Achuete, 1 tbsp.

Apulid or water' chestnuts

Baking Powder, 1-1/2 tsp. phosphate or tartrate type

Bangus or milkfish

Bulaklak ng Saging or dried banana blossoms

Butter, 1 cup

Chicharon or sitsaron

Chocolate, 1 square or 1 oz. unsweetened

Chorizo de Bilbao

Cornstarch, 1 tbsp. (for thickening)


Flour, 1 cup sifted

- All-purpose

- Cake or pastry


Galapong, 1 cup

Garlic, 1 clove fresh

Gata or coconut milk

- 1 cup thick milk

- 1 cup thin milk

Gulaman, 1 bar

Herbs, 1 tbsp. fresh




Kamias, 3 medium pieces




Lemon Juice

Lumpia wrappers

Luya or fresh ginger 1 tbsp. sliced


Milk, 1 cup sour milk

- whole


Onions, 1 tbsp. fresh (chopped)

Patis, 1 tbsp.



Saba or cooking banana

Sampaloc, 3 medium pieces


Sugar, 1 cup

Tabasco sauce, 1/2 tsp.

Talbos ng Ampalaya

Talbos ng Sili



1/8 tsp. red food coloring or 2 tsp. paprika


1 tsp. double-acting type

White fish

Dried lily blossoms available at most Chinese stores. No substitute.

1 cup margarine or 1 cup plus 2 tbsp. and 2 tsp. shortening plus 1/2 tsp. salt

Pork or bacon rinds

3-1/2 tbsp. cocoa plus 1/2 tbsp. butter

Pepperoni, garlic sausage or oxford sausage

2 tbsp. flour or 4 tsp. quick-cooking tapioca

Dried salted cod available at Newfoundland Specialty stores and Portuguese Food Stores.

1 cup plus 2 tbsp. sifted cake or pastry flour

1 cup minus 2 tbsp. sifted all-purpose flour


1 cup sweet rice flour plus 1/4 to 1/2 cup water

1/8 tsp. garlic powder or 1/4 tsp. garlic flakes or 1/8 tsp. liquid garlic

Use creamed coconut sold in 7 oz. packets.

1/4 cup creamed coconut dissolved in 1 cup hot water or use 1 cup 18% cream

2 tbsp. creamed coconut dissolved in 1 cup hot water or use 1 cup light cream or 1 cup whole milk.

1-1/2 tbsp. unflavored gelatin

1/3 to 1/2 tsp. dried

Molasses or corn syrup

Lime or lemon

Sweet yam or sweet potato

1 tbsp. lemon juice or 1 stalk rhubarb

Watercress or spinach


Red or white radish


Spring roll wrappers or skins

1/4 tsp. Powdered ginger (poor substitute)

Broad egg noodles

1 tbsp. lemon juice or vinegar plus sweet milk to make 1 cup or 1 cup buttermilk

1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water or 1/4 cup powdered whole milk plus 1 cup water

Very fine noodles (Vermicelli)

1/4 tsp. onion powder or 1/2 tsp. onion flakes or 1/8 tsp. onion liquid

1 tsp. salt (poor substitute)


Chinese cabbage

Plantain bananas

1 tbsp. lemon juice or 1 stalk rhubarb


1 cup molasses plus 1/2 tsp. soda minus 1/4 cup liquid in recipe or for 1 cup granulated sugar use 1-1/3 cups brown sugar

1 /8 tsp. hot pepper flakes or dash cayenne pepper

Watercress, spinach


Any smoked fish

Bacon strips or Cheese cloth

Fresh corlander