the philippine flag PHILIPPINE Historical Sites, Churches and Religious Shrines




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barasoin church casa real spanish gate


REGION 3 – CENTRAL LUZON

The historical sites listed below are coded as follows:
(A) Prehistory
(B) Spanish Era
(C) War of Independence and U.S. Era
(D) Word War 11
(E) Modern Era

PHILIPPINE HISTORICAL SITES

BATAAN

DEATH MARCH MARKER, Orani
- A folk art statue, commemorating defiant spirit of the marchers. (D)

DEMOCRACY MARKER, Bataan- Pampanga Provincial boundary
- Depicts the role of Bataan in the fight for freedom. (D)

FALL OF BATAAN MARKER, Balanga
- Erected in memory of war veterans, living and dead. (D)

FIRST ABUCAY CATHOLIC CHURCH
- Site of a fierce battle between the Dutch and native defenders on June 23, 1647. (B)

FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE MARKER, Dinalupihan
- Marks the first strong line of defense of combined Philippine and USAFFE troops against the Japanese invaders. (D)

PHILIPPINE-JAPANESE FRIENDSHIP TOWER, Morong
- Symbolizes the process of reconciliation, peace and friendship that followed the war. (D)

SHRINE OF VALOR (Dambana ng Kagitingan), Pilar
- national shrine atop Mt. Samat, where memorial services are conducted every April 9, (D)

SURRENDER SITE MARKER, Balanga
- Marks the site of the surrender of U.S. Forces Commander Major General Edward king Jr., on April 9, 1942. (D)

BULACAN

BARASOAIN CHURCH, Malolos
- One of the leading historical spots in the nation. The seat of the shod-lived Philippine Republic and the site of the Malolos Congress in 1898. (C)

BIAK-NA-BATO, San Miguel
- A huge split boulder, which was the mountain hideout of the Revolutionary Forces and the place where the Malolos Constitution was signed. (C)

CALUMPIT BRIDGE, Calumpit
- Site of the first battle between Filipino and American soldiers during the retreat of Aguinaldo to the Ilocos Region. (C)

CASA REAL, Malolos
- Printing press during the Malolos Republic which has now been converted into a museum. (C)

COLONEL JOHN STOTSENBERG MARKER, Plaridel
- Erected in memory of a prominent casualty of the Philippine-American War who was killed by the forces of General Gregorio del Pilar. (C)

MARCELO H. DEL PILAR SHRINE, Bulacan
- Honors the many contributions of the great patriot to independence. (C)

SITE OF KAKARONG BATTLE, Pandi
- Site of the Republic of Real de Kakarong de Sili of 1896. (C)

NUEVA ECIJA

CAMP PANGATIANGAN SHRINE, Cabanatuan
- Honors the rescue of 512 Allied Prisoners of War by Filipino Guerillas, led by Governor Joson. (D)

GENERAL LUNA STATUE AND MARKER, Cabanatuan
- General Luna was assassinated in this citywhich subsequently adopted him. (D)

PAMPANGA

BALE MATUA, Angeles City
- The residence of the founder of the city, Don Angel Pantaleon de Miranda, constructed in 1824. (B)

DEATH MARCH MARKER, San Fernando
- Set at the San Fernando Railway Station. (D)

KAMIKAZE FIELDS, Mabalacat
- The first Japanese Kamikaze missions in World War 11 set forth from these airstrips. (D)

PAMINTUAN RESIDENCE, Angeles City
- Served as the Central Headquarters for Major General Arthur MacArthur in 1899. Subsequently, became the seat of the First Philippine Revolutionary Army under General
Emilio Aguinaldo. (C)

SPANISH HOUSES, Located in Guagua, Candaba, San Fernando and Apalit
- Century-old Spanish houses filled with relics and antiquities. (B)

SPANISH GATE, Subic Bay Freeport Zone
- A symbol of Spanish control over Subic Bay before the turn of the century. (B)

TARLAC

CAMILING CHURCH, Camiling
- Site of the execution of General Pedro Pedroche and his men by Francisco Makabulos and his revolutionary troops. (C)

DEATH MARCH NATIONAL SHRINE, Capas
- Site of the concentration camp and final destination of the Death March Prisoners. (D)

CAPAS DEATH MARCH MONUMENT, Capas
- Dedicated to the 30,000 Filipino and American soldiers who perished in the infamous Death March. (D)

MARIA CLARA MUSEUM, Camiling
- A museum dedicated to Rizal's immortal heroine, the real life Leonora Rivera. The couple lived briefly here. (C)

SANTO DOMINGODEATH MARCH MARKER, Capas
- The site where 60,000 Filipino soldiers, cramped like sardines in closed box cars, were unloaded to start the second phase of the tragic Death March. (D)

ZAMBALES

BIRTH marker OF LATE PRESIDENT MAGSAYSAY, Iba
- Marks the birthplace of the former president on August 3l, 1907. (E)

 

CHURCHES AND RELIGIOUS SHRINES

BULACAN

BARASOAIN CHURCH
- A symbol of glorious past achievement', the site of Malolos Congress of 1898 and the subsequent, short-lived Philippine Republic.

CALUMPIT CHURCH
- Built in 1575, it has a tunnel where revolutionaries and Spaniards were buried during the War of Independence.

PAMPANGA

HOLY ROSARY CATHEDRAL, Angeles
- Built by forced labor during the Spanish Era, the Cathedral was used as a military hospital by the U.S. Army at the turn of the century.

APALIT PAROCHIAL CHURCH, Apalit
- Built in 1630, the church is famous for its ceiling and dome.

BETIS CHURCH, Guagua
- Built in 1754, the church has impressive paintings on its ceiling and walks.

ST. PETER'S CHURCH, Apalit
- Houses a life-size ivory statue of the saint.

ZAMBALES

BOTOLAN CHURCH
- Built in 1700 using coral blocks. Located south of Iba.

BATAAN

FIRST ABUCAY CATHOLIC CHURCH
– Ancient church which was witness to the massacre of zoo villagers.

TARLAC

CAMILING CHURCH
- Death site of General Pedro Pedroche by Francisco Makabulo for rebellion.

Can Sebastian CHURCH, Tarlac City
- The site of the Revolutionary Congress.



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