The first humans arrived in the Philippines by land bridges at least 30,000
years ago, while the history of the Philippines as recorded by Europeans began
with the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Permanent settlement was recognized
with the expedition of Miguel López de Legazpi in 1565, beginning an
era of Spanish colonization that lasted more than three centuries
The Philippine Revolution against the Spanish began in 1896, ending two years
later with a proclamation of independence and the establishment of the First
Philippine Republic. However, the Treaty of Paris in 1898 at the end of the
Spanish-American War transferred control of the Philippines to the United States.
Partial self-government under U.S. supervision began in 1935, but was interrupted
by the Japanese attack and occupation of the islands during World War II. The
Philippines was granted full independence in 1946.
The late 1960s and early 1970s saw the rise of student activism and civil unrest,
prompting President Ferdinand Marcos to declare martial law in 1972. The peaceful
1986 EDSA Revolution brought about the dismissal of Marcos and a return to democracy
for the country. The period since then, however, has been marked by government
corruption, political instability, and hindered economic productivity.
History or Pre Colonial Period
War 2 and Japanese Colonization
Philippine National Symbols