Philippine History - Aquino Administration
history | spanish colonization | american
period | world war II and japanese occupation
third republic | marcos
admin | aquino admin | ramos
admin | estrada admin | arroyo
Aquino Administration (1986-1992)
Corazon Aquino's statement
into power marked the restoration of democracy in the country. She immediately
formed a government to normalize the situation, and provided for a transitional
constitution. A new permanent constitution was approved and enacted in February
1987. The new constitution crippled presidential power to declare martial law,
proposed the creation of autonomous regions in the Cordilleras and Muslim Mindanao,
and restored the presidential form of government and the bicameral Congress.
Under Aquino's presidency, progress was made in stimulating democratic institutions
and respect for civil liberties. However, the administration was also viewed
as weak and fractious, and a return to full political stability and economic
development was hindered by several attempted coups staged by disaffected members
of the Philippine military.
On June 12, 1991, Mount Pinatubo in Central Luzon erupted, after being inactive
for over 600 years. It was the second-largest volcanic eruption of the 20th
century and cooled global weather by 1.5°C. It left more than 700 people
dead and 200,000 homeless.
In 1991, the Philippine Senate discarded a treaty that would have allowed a
10-year extension of the U.S. military bases in the country. The United States
turned over Clark Air Base in Pampanga to the government in November, and Subic
Bay Naval Base in Zambales in December 1992, ending almost a century of U.S.
military presence in the Philippines.