Philippine History - Ramos Administration
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Ramos Administration (1992-1998)
In the 1992 elections, Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD), authorized
by Aquino, won the presidency with just 23.6% of the vote in a field of seven
Aquino declined to run for reelection and was succeeded by her former army chief
of staff Fidel Ramos. He immediately launched an economic revitalization plan
premised on three policies: government deregulation, increased private investment,
and political solutions to the continuing insurgencies within the country. His
political program was somewhat successful, opening dialogues with the Marxist
and Muslim guerillas. However, Muslim discontent with partial rule persisted,
and unrest and violence continued throughout the 1990s. In 1999, Marxist rebels
and Muslim separatists formed an alliance to fight the government.
Early in his administration, Ramos declared "national reconciliation"
his highest priority. He legalized the Communist Party and created the National
Unification Commission (NUC) to lay the groundwork for talks with communist
insurgents, Muslim separatists, and military rebels. In June 1994, Ramos signed
into law a general conditional amnesty covering all rebel groups, and Philippine
military and police personnel charged of crimes committed while fighting the
insurgents. In October 1995, the government signed an agreement bringing the
military insurgency to an end.
A peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front, a major separatist
group fighting for an independent homeland in Mindanao, was signed in 1996,
ending the 24-year old struggle. However, an MNLF fragment group, the Moro Islamic
Liberation Front continued the armed struggle for an Islamic state.