LETTER P is the symbol for PESO with two horizontal strikethrough lines. It is sometimes shown as a P with just one strikethrough line or just a P with no strikethrough lines at all since there are problems with font support. The ISO 4217 code for the Philippine peso is PHP. Philippine currency exists as both coins and bank notes (or bills). The peso or piso is equal to 100 centavos or sentimo. Centavos are practically worthless and as such, most centavo coins are not used that often in everyday business.
Below is a description of all coins and bank notes (bills) that are in or were newly in circulation. The sizes of coins varies but all bank notes or bills should be assumed to be 160 mm by 66 mm in size unless purposely stated otherwise.
PHILIPPINE BILLS OR BANK NOTES
|VALUE||FRONT image||FRONT description||BACK image||BACK description||Color|
or limang piso
|Emilio Aguinaldo |
Philippine 1st president. At the right is an illustration of a cannon and of an histocial marker of the First Republic 1898 - 1901.
|Declaration of Philippine Independence|
Aguinaldo displays the Philippine flag from the balcony of his house and proclaims independence from Spain to the Filipino masses below
or sampung piso
|Apolinario Mabini (left) and Andres Bonifacio (right) Items relating to Katipunan are shown on the right side.||Barosoain Church where proclamation of Malolos Constitution and organization of the Congress of First Republic. Blood Compact of the Katipuneros. To the right (not on older bills), Filipino revolutionaries get together under the Katipunan banner.||Brown|
or dalawam-pung piso
|Manuel L. Quezon |
Philippine 2nd president and Commonwealth 1st president. The image on the right shows the establishment of the Commonwealth (a Coat of Arms) and the 1935 Constitution.
|Sergio Osmena |
Commonwealth 2nd President. Assumed office upon the death of Manuel Quezon.
|National Museum |
(historically and formerly the Old Congress Building)
|Manuel Roxas |
The image on the right shows a crowd watching the lowering of the US flag and the raising of the Philippine flag demonstrating the end of the Commonwealth and the beginning of the Third Republic of the Philippines.
|Central Bank of the Philippines|
or Banko Central ng Pilipinas
dalawan- daang piso
|Diosdado Macapagal |
On the right is the Aguinaldo mansion where in 1898 Aguinaldo proclaimed independence from Spain. Macapagal moved Independence Day from July 4 to June 12.
|Philippine EDSA Revolution 2|
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Diosdado Macapagal's daughter, is under oath as president in conlcusion to the EDSA 2 revolution. This bill is no longer being printed.
|Benigno Ninoy S. Aquino Jr.|
dove on the left and philippine flag on the right
|Philippine Unity - Ninoy's aspirations:|
On the top left, Filipinos of different faiths and class of society, civilian and military are seen standing united. In the centre, a mother and a boy give flowers to two soldiers, representing the longing for a democratic and peaceful nation. In the bottom left, part of an article from Ninoy's years as a journalist covering the war in Korea. In the top right is a girl holding a book with the words Study Now Pay Later which refers to an education bill Ninoy sponsored. In the bottom right are the Concepcion Municipal Hall and the Tarlac Capitol building where Ninoy held the office of Mayor and Governor respectively. On the far right at the top is the dove again. While imprisoned during martial law Ninoy campaigned for a seat in the Batasang Pambansa from his cell. During a pro-Ninoy rally outside his cell, a dove landed on the ledge of his cell window and has since then become symbolic of freedom.
|Three Philippine Patriots: Chief justice Jose Abad Santos, Gen. Vicente Lim and Josefa Llanes Escoda. On the far right of the front side is the eternal flame.||Banaue Rice Terraces, Manunggul Jar, and Langgal Hut|
On the right there is also an image of a Manunggul Vase cover (a ship with two dead people paddling to the netherworld) and a Lanngal, also called a Ranggar by Maranaos. It looks like a hut and is a Muslim place of worship.
Philippine peso coins are given out by the Central Bank of the Philippines or “Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas” for distribution
|VALUE||FRONT image||FRONT description||BACK image||BACK description||Composition||Diameter||Year first issued||Weight|
1 CENTAVO coin or sentimo
|"1 SENTIMO", Year Mark.||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||6% copper balanced steel||15.5 mm||1995||2.0 g|
5 CENTAVO coin or limang sentimo
|"5 SENTIMO", Year Mark.||Words "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas" along the border||6% copper balanced steel||15.5 mm||1995||1.9 g|
10 CENTAVO coinor sampung sentimo
|"10 SENTIMO", Year Mark.||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||6% copper balanced steel||17.0 mm||1995||2.5 g|
at limang sentimo
|"25 SENTIMO", Year Mark.||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||65% copper|
|20.0 mm||1995||3.8 g|
1 PESO coin
|Profile of Jose Rizal, Year Mark.||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||75% copper|
|24.0 mm||1995||6.1 g|
5 PESO coin
|Profile of Emilio Aguinaldo, Year Mark.||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||70% copper|
|27.0 mm||1995||7.7 g|
10 PESO coin
|Profiles of Andres Bonifacio and Apolinario Mabini, Year Mark||Logo of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas||Ring: 75% copper|
Center: 92% copper
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